Saturday, November 6, 2010

Goddesses of the World


GODDESSES OF THE WORLD
MAIDEN, MOTHER & CRONE
Triple goddesses spanning many cultures have three expressions:
Maiden, Mother and Crone.

The Maiden, or Virgin, reflects independent women who are often unmarried.
The Mother is the second stage heralded by fertility and growth.
The last stage, Crone, is the “wise old woman” who has come into her own.





MAIDEN:
The Maiden represents purity and the innocence of childhood, where
the soul’s dreams, magic and make believe still prevail.

Abeona (Roman): Goddess who protected children when they left home for the first time. She helps children become more independent.
Adeona (Roman): Guided children safely back to their parents' home.

Artemis (Greek): She is a Goddess for children and teenagers. As well as being a Goddess of birth she is also a symbol of youth and independence.

Blodeuwedd (Celtic): She was a Goddess made from flowers. She was associated with the blooming of spring and is one of the Maiden Goddesses in the Pagan tradition.

Chasca (Inkan): Protector of young maidens and Goddess of the dawn and twilight.

Diana (Roman): In addition to being Goddess of the hunt she represented youth and independence.


Hebe (Greek): Goddess of youth.

Idunn (Nordic): Goddess of youth.

Maia (Roman): Goddess of Spring. She symbolizes the innocence of youth and early womanhood.

Ostara (Germanic): The dynamic Goddess of spring, full of potential for growth and renewal.

Persephone (Greek): Is the Goddess of youth and Springtime. She represents the Maiden aspect and growing independence.







MOTHER:
Symbolic of fruition, abundance, and fertility; she offers spiritual and
emotional nourishment to those with whom she comes in contact.
(Fertility, Pregnancy and Childbirth)

Fertility Goddesses
Ala (Nigerian): Mother Goddess responsible for fertility of both animals and man.
Ajysyt (Siberian): Mother Goddess. Her name means "birth giver". She visited every mother and provided a soul for the newborns.
Aka (Turkish): Ancient Mother Goddess.
Alemonia (Roman): Goddess responsible for feeding of the feotus in the womb. Also known as Alemona.
Aphrodite (Greek): Represented fertility.
Arianrhod (Welsh): Associated with fertility.
Aveta (Gaulish): Goddess of fertility, childbirth and midwives, also linked to fresh water.

Bast (Egyptian): Bast the cat headed Goddess was associated with both fertility and childbirth.
Bendis (Greek): One of several Greek fertility Goddesses.
Bona Dea (Roman): Goddess of fertility, healing, virginity, and women
Brigit (Irish): was the Goddess of home, hearth, feminine aspects, healing, and fertility.
Ceres (Roman): Goddess of crops and agriculture.
Corn Mother (Native American): Responsible for the fertility of the land and people.
Cybele (Roman): Cybele was the goddess of fertility based on Anatolian Goddess Kybele.
Demeter (Greek): The Goddess of grain and bringer of fertility to the earth.
Frigg (Nordic): Frigg was the Odin wife she protected a man's marriage and made him fertile. Her name was invoked to bring children into a conjugal union.
Freya (Nordic): Often confused with Frigg, Freyja was the Norse goddess of sexual activity.
Gaia (Greek): Ancient Greek mother goddess who gave birth to the land and the Titans.
Gefjon (Teutonic): She was one of Frigg's handmaidens and associated with fertility of both man and the land.
Haumea (Hawaiian): Haumea was perpetually reborn, allowing her to continually mate with her offspring.
Juno (Roman): Often called upon by infertile women.
Macha (Irish): Fertility goddess who primarily concerned with male virility.
Mastor-Ava (Russian): Earth Goddess.
Nile Goddess (Egypt): One of the prehistoric fertility Goddesses worshipped in the Nile Delta. She had the head of a bird.
Rainbow Snake (Aborigine): She represented the fertile rains and sea, she flows through her people's lives bringing children.

Rhea (Greek): Replaced her mother Gaia as the earth and fertility goddess. She gave birth to the first Olympians
Tlalteutli (Aztec): Goddess of Creation. The Universe was made of Her body.
Urd (Teutonic): Norse Earth Goddess.
Venus (Roman): Roman equivalent to Aphrodite. She represented one of the main fertility Goddesses.

Pregnancy and Childbirth Goddesses

Artemis (Greece): Despite being a virgin goddess she also presides over childbirth due to the ease of her own birth.
Bast (Egypt): Bast was the cat headed goddess was associated with both childbirth and fertility.
Carmenta (Roman): Goddess of prophecy and birth. Pregnant women used to offer her rice for an easy delivery.
Candelifera ( Roman): She was invoked at the beginning of childbirth. Her name means candle bearer and she used this light to help guide the baby into this world.
Diana (Roman): Queen of Heaven. Patroness of childbirth, nursing and healing.
Deverra (Roman): Goddess who protected midwives and women in labor. Her broom was used to sweep away evil influences
Eleithyia (Greek): was the Goddess of childbirth and labor. She was shown as a woman wielding a torch, representing the burning pains of childbirth, or with her arms raised in the air summoning a child to the light.
Frigg (Nordic): associated with easing child birth. A plant called Freya's grass was traditionally used as a gentle sedative during a difficult labour

Hathor (Egypt): The seven Hathors blessed the newborn and set a child's destiny. She is also associated with nursing infants.
Hekate (Greek): As a midwife she carried a sacred knife to cut the cord at birth.
Heket (Egypt): Heket, the moon Goddess, was associated with Hathor as a birth deity. She was said to be the birth goddess of all creatures.
Hepat (Egyptian): Goddess of Midwives.
Hera (Greece): The Queen of the gods, Hera presided over all things feminine especially maternity and marriage.
Isis (Egypt): Isis had many roles including the protector of motherhood.
Ixchel (Mayan): Role included Goddess of childbirth, lunar cycles, and pregnancy.
Juno (Roman): She protected pregnant woman as well as at birth, bringing the child into the light.
Lucina (Roman): - Goddess of Childbirth.
Meskhent (Egyptian): Egyptian Goddess who presided over the delivery of babies.
Mylitta (Babylonian): Mylitta took special interests in the process of childbirth.
Nephthys (Egyptian): Stood at the head of the bed encouraging the mother whilst her sister Isis acted as the midwife.
Ngolimento (Toga): Goddess who cares for the spirit of a child before it is born.
Nixi (Roman): The Nixi were a triad of Goddesses associated with birth
Nintur (Sumerian): Her name meant "Lady Who Gives Form". She was represented as a woman holding a midwife's pail of water.
Nona (Roman): Goddess of pregnancy. Her name means nine relating to the ninth month of pregnancy when the expectant mother would call upon her
Pi-hsia-yuan-chun (Chinese): She protects women, children, and presides over birth.
Prorsa Postverta (Roman): Goddess of women in labor she was associated with the position of the child in the womb.
Pukkeenegak (Eskimo): Feminine Goddess who gave children to the Eskimo women.
Renenet (Egypt): Goddess who presided over a baby's suckling. She bestowed both a name and a personality on a newborn infant.
Shasti (Indian): Feline Goddess, depicted riding a cat. Goddess of childbirth and Protector of Children.
St. Catherine of Sweden (Roman Catholic): Patron saint of miscarriage prevention.
St. Gerard Majella (Roman Catholic): Patron saint of pregnancy and expectant mothers.
St. Raymund Nonnatus (Roman Catholic): Patron saint of midwives.
Tamayorihime (Japan): Ancient sea Goddess who watches over the birth waters to ensure a safe delivery.
Taueret (Egypt): Protected infants by taking the form of a pregnant hippopotamus to frighten demons away.
Uma (India): Her primary function was femaleness in all forms, particularly active ones like childbirth.





CRONE:
The Crone is a wise woman, or a midwife. She is the wisdom keeper,
seer and healer, whose knowledge is sought out
to guide others during life's hardships and transitions.

Ala (Nigerian): The spirits of the dead find peace in her womb.
Ama No Uzumi (Japanese): A Shinto ancestral Goddess of longevity, protection and psychic abilities.

Asase Yaa (West African): She represents the womb of the earth from whom we are all birthed and will return to at our death.

Annis (Celtic): A frightening old woman, keeper of wisdom and old ways.

Badb (Irish): A shape shifting warrior Goddess who symbolizes the cycles of life and death, wisdom and inspiration.

Baubo (Greek): A bawdy Goddess who uses female sexuality and laughter to raise a smile from Demeter.

Baba Yaga (Russian): In Slavic mythology she is the wild old woman; the witch; and mistress of magic.

Ceridwen (Celtic): The Keeper of the Cauldron.

Cailleach Bear (Celtic): The hag and destroyer Goddess who ruled over disease, death, wisdom, seasonal rites and weather magic.

Elli (Nordic): Goddess of old age, she defeated Thor.

Grandmother Spiderwoman (Native American): An old wise woman who gave man the sun and fire.

Ereshkigal (Sumerian): Goddess of the Underworld

Estsanatlehi (Native American): Goddess of life, death and immortality.

Hekate (Greek): Goddess of the underworld and magic.

Hella (Nordic): Ruler of Helheim, the land of the dead.


Inari (Japanese): She guides and protects the spirits of the dead.

Kali (Indian): Goddess of destruction and rebirth.

Kalma (Finnish): Underworld Goddess of death and decay.

Lara (Roman): Mother of the dead

Libitina (Roman): Goddess of funerals and pyres.

Lilith (Hebrew): Adams first wife and guardian of women's mysteries.

Macha (Irish): The wild woman who battles against injustice to woman and children.

Mórrígan (Celtic): Crow Goddess who understands the nature of death.

Mother Holle (German): The Wise Queen of Winter

Nicneven (Celtic): Goddess of Magic and winter.

Nephthys (Egyptian): A funerary Goddess associated with death, magic and reincarnation.

Sedna (Inuit): Mistress of life and death

XochiQuetzal (Mexican): Goddess of the cycles of life celebrated on the Day of the Dead.

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